Case Study Research - A how to guide


The introduction to the manuscript makes the purpose,worth, and need for the research immediately clear; that is, it describes what is known about the topic under investigation ,why the study was necessary,what was intended to be accomplished ,and why the outcomes are important.The introduction is usually not labeled as such but normally includes succinct review of literature that directs the need ,purpose and importance of study. A good introduction gives the reader a clear sense of what was done and why.


A number of questions are addressed:

  • What is the point of study?

  • How do the questions and design relate to the problem?

  • What are the theoretical implications of the work and how does the work relate to previous research in the area?

  • What are the theoretical prepositions tested and how were they arrived at?



The method section describes in detail how the study was conducted. Begin with an overview of the method that was used to conduct the study.A list of questions or a sentence outlining the purpose and the objectives can also be used to introduce the method before a formal description of what was done in the study provided.The description should provide the reader with sufficient information to evaluate the appropriateness and the integrity of what was done as well as the credibility of outcomes derived from doing it .The goal here is to provide essential information that allows other to provide to comprehend the study.Whereas as insufficient details leave the reader with questions,too much detail burdens the reader with irrelevant information.



The result section summarizes the information collected and how it is used to address the case study’s research questions .The main outcomes are typically presented first ,with sufficient detail to justify conclusions with regards to primary and secondary questions .All relevant results ,predicted ones as well as those that were not expected ,should be addressed ,including those that run counter to preconceived questions.Case study results vary widely according to the information collected and the analysis method used ; as a result there is generally great flexibility in the manner in which they are reported .Nevertheless, the results section should include the identification of common or emergent themes ,exceptions to the primary finding ,and unexpected outcomes .Most findings are reported between the text and may be supported with direct quotes from participant or samples that support the finding .However some information may be best reported or summarized graphically in tables and figures.


  Most journals really have space for more than two or three tables or figures in an article .Before  you include a table or figure, try to decide if it contains vital information that helps to organize the presentation of findings.Use tables to provide exact values and efficiently illustrate outcomes . Use figures such as chart and pictures, to illustrate outcomes that are not precise as those presented in the tables .Summarizing outcomes in tables or figures instead of the text can be very helpful ,especially when large amounts of representation is reduced by representation is reduced by representation in a form other than sentences in paragraphs;however, using figures and tables for information that can be easily presented in a few sentences of text is a good idea .Tables and figures should augment rather than duplicate text,conveying essential facts without adding distracting details.The goal is to achieve a parsimonious balance in presenting the outcomes of the study.If you as tables and figures , mention them in the text.Refer to all the tables as tables  and all the charts,graphs,photographs, drawings,or other depictions as figures .Tables and figure supplement the text; they do not stand alone .Always tell the reader what to look for in the tables and figures and provide sufficient explanation to make presentation easily comprehensible.  

Category : Case Study , Research
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